Guides and practices

Supporting off-radar children and young people who are at risk of violence/abuse in their household: Part 1 of this interim report is based on a survivor-led and rapid response survey as an initiative to address actions that may help in reaching 'off-radar' children and young people at risk of abuse in their home environments. It contains possible actions to support this population during lockdown, post-lockdown fallout, and for pandemic preparedness for periods of resurgence.

COVID-19 - paediatric surveillance: While children represent a small proportion of the total number of confirmed COVID-19 cases, little is known about paediatric cases particularly in Europe. Public Health England, along with academic institutions and several NHS partners have implemented several ongoing surveillance programmes to monitor the course, progression, and outcomes of COVID-19 in children. This includes serosurveys in children, assessment of the risk of vertical transmission in pregnant women etc.

Data and tools

Coronavirus (COVID-19) related deaths by ethnic group in England and Wales: This data presents the provisional analysis of deaths involving COVID-19 by ethnicity and age band. Provisional results show that the risk of death involving COVID-19 among some ethnic groups is significantly higher than those of white ethnicity. If accounted for age, black ethnicity males and females are 4.2 and 4.3 times more likely to die from a COVID-19 related death than white ethnicity males and females.

Local area profiles for vulnerable children: The dataset contains local area profiles of child vulnerability to provide councils with an understanding of which and how many children are likely to be at risk. This is of importance during the COVID-19 lockdown. This shows the latest data on levels of childhood vulnerability by council, and the report following this data provides a framework for central government to target additional resources in areas where it's most needed.

Child benefits: This data includes details of families that claim child benefit, and includes the number and age of children and geographical location. This data is available at regional level as well as by Lower Layer Super Output Area (LSOA) and Scottish Data Zones.

Reports

Technology use and the mental health of children and young people: This report produced by the Royal College of Psychiatrists looks at the impact of technology on mental health of children and young people. This information is important now more than ever, given the increased use of technology during the COVID-19 lockdown. The report focuses on the impact of negative content, the potential for addiction, bullying and safeguarding issues. It also looks at the digital impact on very vulnerable children like those with depression and anxiety.

Research

School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: As a result of COVID-19, 107 countries introduced school closures, but it is unknown whether school measures are effective. While there was no data on the relative contribution of school closures to transmission control, data from the SARS outbreak in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Singapore suggest that school closures did not contribute to the control of the epidemic. Recent modelling studies of COVID-19 predict that closing schools alone would prevent only 2-4% of deaths. Therefore, when considering school closures for COVID-19, policy makers need to be aware of the equivocal evidence.

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