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The miracle cure? Exploring a public health approach to serious youth violence: This month's 35 minute podcast by The King's Fund looks at tacklin serious youth violence like knife crime. Helen McKenna, the host, speaks with Martin Griffith and Karyn McCluskey who pioneered a public health approach to tackle knife crime in Glasgow.

Data and tools

COVID-MINDS: This is a network of longitudinal studies on the global mental health impact of COVID-19, funded by the Wellcome Trust. The network aims to link together studies from across the world by supporting the sharing of protocols and data, harmonising mental health measures and the disseminating findings to policy makers and health bodies. They are also collating empirical research on mental health as it is being published, and you can sign up to their fortnightly newsletter to keep updated.

Reports

Marketing of breast-milk substitutes - National implementation of the International Code: This report provides an update on the status of implementing the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and subsequent relevant World Health Assembly (WHA) resolutions ("the Code") in countries. Of 194 WHO member states, 136 have some form of legal measure related to the code. However, in many countries, the legal restrictions do not cover the marketing that occurs in health facilities and only 79 countries prohibit the promotion of breast-milk substitutes in health facilities. This report highlights the legal shortcomings of implementing the code in various countries, and also highlights that there are far too few countries that have implemented effective measures.

Quality and Inequality: This is a scrolling data story, making for an easy and informative read, that takes a closer look at the association between deprivations in the area that a patient lives and quality of care. QualityWatch has looked across a whole range of services and performance measures to find out how inequalities in healthcare have changed over the last decade. This has been done by using indicators measuring the quality of NHS care for the 10% of people living in the most deprived areas and the 10% of people living in the least deprived areas of England, to see how the results differ.

Research

Association of Intrauterine Growth Restriction and Small for Gestational Age Status with Childhood Cognitive Outcomes: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to look at whether preterm and term-born neonates with intrauterine growth restriction, and who are small for gestational age have worse childhood cognitive outcomes than those born appropriate for gestational age. 60 studies of 58,822 children (1-12 years) showed that children who had intrauterine growth restriction and who were small for gestational age had significantly lower cognitive scores compared to children born appropriate for gestational age. Paediatric follow-up care should be tailored to address the potential cognitive problem in these children.

Patterns of Health-Related Gender Inequalities - A Cluster Analysis of 45 Countries: The paper explores gender inequalities between 45 countries across 10 health indicators among adolescents, and whether those differences in health corelate to gender inequality in general. This study utilised data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey (HBSC). For 8 of 10 indicators, there is a negative correlation with the Gender Inequality Index, i.e, the greater the gender equality in a country, the higher the odds that girls feel fat, have low support from families, have low life satisfaction, have multiple health complaints, smoke, drink alcohol, feel school pressure, and are overweight compared with boys. These results challenge the common assumption that greater gender equality is always associated with greater health equality.

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