Guides

Supporting vulnerable children and young people during the coronavirus: This guidance is aimed at service providers including education settings and local authorities. It provides guidance on how to best care for children and young people who are supported through social care, with education, health and care (EHC) plans or those children that have been identified as vulnerable by their school or local authority.

Reports

Measles Elimination work program: The report published by PHE describes the findings of a regional measles needs assessment in the West Midlands. It presents a comprehensive overview of trends in Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine coverage for children aged 1 to 18 years residing in the West Midlands as of December 2018. It also quantifies the extent of under-vaccination according to geographical and socio-demographic characteristics. The report also provides an estimate of population susceptibility to measles in defined age groups by local authority area using a WHO developed methodology.

Here to stay? How the NHS will have to learn to live with coronavirus: Within the UK, the COVID-19 epidemic has had a profound impact on the NHS. As the number of COVID-19 hospital admissions gradually declines, policy attention is turning to how the NHS can restart some more routine activities. But doing this while living alongside COVID-19 will involve major practical challenges that will need to be overcome. This discussion paper, by Nigel Edwards of the Nuffield Trust, looks at the realitiesthe health and care systems will now begin to face in the UK.

Research

Ethnicity and COVID-19 in children with comorbidities: COVID-19 has presented a spectrum of severity from asymptomatic carriage to respiratory failure through to death. While more is known in adults, little is know about the severity of COVID-19 in children. This paper looks at the effect of COVID-19 on paediatric patients with comorbidities. It shows that while hospitalisation for COVID-19 is rare in children, ethnicity and the presence of pre-existing comorbidities might be independent risk factors for severe disease.

Synergistic adversities and behavioural problems in traumatized children and adolescents: This research study investigated the combined effect of commonly co-occurring adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to determine whether the synergistic parings differ by either gender and/or age. It also looked to investigate whether some of the adversities were more synergistically reactive. In their findings, the authors found that sexual abuse was most malignantly synergistic followed by physical abuse, neglect, and domestica violence. This research paper demonstrates that ACEs are not equal in their contribution to the outcomes assessed and has important implications for future intervention and research.

Research review - A meta-analysis of the international prevalence and comorbidity of mental disorders in children between 1 and 7 years: While we know that mental disorders at an early age can manifest differently in older children or adolescents, little is known about the prevalence of these disorders at early ages. The literature search revealed that the epidemiology of mental disorders in children younger than 7 years is still a neglected area of research. The findings also indicated that there are a significant number of young children suffering from mental disorders who require appropriate age-adapted treatment, providing important insights for future development of interventions.

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