Listen in

Impact on delivering children’s services during lockdown: In this special COVID-19 podcast series by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), this episode discusses with Dannie Adcock-Habib, a children’s service practitioner, the impact of delivering services during the lockdown. The episode also touches on the potential child protection issues that may emerge as we slowly begin to transition into recovery.

Guides

COVID-19: paediatric surveillance: Public Health England (PHE) along with NHS partners and academic collaborators have implemented a number of surveillance programs to monitor the COVID-19 course, progressions and outcomes in children. This guidance provides a comprehensive description and lists contact details of the relevant ongoing COVID-19 paediatric surveillance programmes.

Data and Tools

Survey of Childcare and Early Years Providers: This bulletin released by the PHE provides important information on childcare and early years provision in England from the Department for Education (DfE)’s Survey of Childcare and Early Years Providers. It includes representative survey data on: attendance and spare capacity within childcare settings; use of funded places; staff qualifications and pay; and the reported costs of providing childcare.

Reports

COVID-19 and early intervention: This report by the Early Intervention Foundation (EIF) highlights the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown on local services for children and their families through qualitative research with a range of professionals delivering local early intervention services. It explores both the immediate challenges but also discusses the major challenges on the horizon as the country transitions towards recovery.

Research

COVID-19 in children and adolescents in Europe: There is little published data on paediatric COVID-19, of which most research originates from China. This is a multicentre cohort study that involves 82 healthcare institutions across 25 European countries, using a well-established research network - the Paediatric Tuberculosis Network European Trials Group. The study findings showed that while COVID-19 is generally a mild disease in children and infants, a small proportion do develop severe disease. This requires ICU admission and prolonged ventilation however, a fatal outcome is overall rare. The data collected also reflects the current uncertainties regarding specific treatment options.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and childhood obesity: This short review discusses the epidemiology, diagnosis, pathogenesis and management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in childhood obesity. In the context of obesity, NAFLD in children and adolescents has an estimated prevalence of 36.1%, with growing concerns that this will increase with the rising obesity epidemic. NAFLD in childhood may persist to adulthood which can contribute to significant hepatic and extrahepatic morbidities. While the efficacy of several medications, antioxidants, fatty acid supplements and probiotics has been investigated in children, healthy eating and physical activity remain the only prevention and treatment strategies for paediatric NAFLD.

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