Guides and Practices

Vaccine Update: This June 2020 update by Public Health England aimed at immunisation practitioners includes the latest developments in vaccines, vaccination policies and procedures. This issue features an update on the sKIDS school surveillance update, the best practice for school age vaccinations during the COVID-19 lockdown, and the launch of the ‘Vaccines are Vital’ campaign among others.

HPV school level data collection tool 2020 to 2021: Public Health England has developed a school-based data collection tool for the adolescent collection of HPV vaccine to help monitor coverage locally throughout the academic year. This user guide is aimed at local NHS England teams and vaccine data providers to give a comprehensive overview of the 2020/21 tool and to enable users to assess HPV coverage throughout the academic year locally, regionally, and nationally and to correctly enter data on the ImmForm platform.

Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm: This quality standard, developed by NICE covers neonatal respiratory support in hospital for preterm babies (before 37 weeks of pregnancy). The standard also describes high quality care in priority areas for improvement. This quality standard was developed before the COVID-19 pandemic and is intended to support quality improvement as and when services return to normal.

Reports

Framework on Early Childhood Development in the WHO European Region: This report by the WHO provides a framework for children to survive and thrive through public policies, programmes and services. This report is adapted for the European context and aims to inform countries on measures they can take to enable young children to reach their full potential equally. The report highlights three areas - young children’s needs, monitoring a child's development and responding to developmental concerns, and the social and environmental risks to development.

Reimagining the future of paediatric care post-COVID-19: This reflective report by the RCPCH summarises the learning from the period of rapid change of paediatric services as a result of COVID-19. The report focuses on the elements of new practice that should be retained and taken forward into the future. It is the first in a series of publications from the Paediatrics 2040 project that will inform RCPCH’s vision for the future of paediatrics in the UK.

Research

Association of State-Level Opioid-Reduction Policies With Pediatric Opioid Poisoning: This original research published in JAMA Paediatrics explores the association of state-level opioid-reduction policies and opioid poisoning in children and adolescents. It uses an interrupted time series approach to analyse 338 476 opioid poisonings among children younger than 20 years in the US. The results of the study showed that implementation of a prescription drug monitoring program and a pain clinic legislation was associated with immediate and sustained reductions in rates of paediatric opioid poisoning. Further investigation of the underlying mechanisms of these associations, including age group–specific outcomes, may expand and strengthen policies that can reduce opioid poisoning, misuse, and overdoses in children and adolescents.

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