Guidance

Vulnerability in childhood - a public health informed approach: A report for each upper-tier local authority has been developed to improve health outcomes for vulnerable children and young people. It summarises data and evidence at the local authority level to support decision making and prioritisation in order to reduce vulnerability and adversity in childhood.

Reports

The Good Childhood Report 2020: The nineth annual report on the wellbeing of children in the UK, published by the Children’s Society showed a continued decrease in average happiness with life among 10-15 years olds in the UK, with 15 year olds being among the saddest and least satisfied with their lives in Europe. The COVID-19 pandemic also affected children’s happiness due to the lack of choice they had in life.

The Safety Net is Gone: The CPAG, the Child Welfare Inequalities Project (CWIP) and the Association of Directors of Children’s Services (ADCS) conducted a survey of social workers between January and March 2020 to understand the prevalence and severity of poverty among the families social workers work with; the impacts of changes to the social security system and cuts to service on these families and finally how poverty affects their ability to conduct effective social work with families. The report also identifies important recommendations for the government.

Research

Associations between a smoke-free homes intervention and childhood admissions to hospital in Scotland: The study aimed to establish whether Take it Right Outside, a campaign to reduce the exposure of children to domestic second-hand smoke in Scotland was followed by a decrease in hospital admissions for childhood asthma and other respiratory conditions. Using an interrupted time series analysis, the study findings showed that smoke-free home interventions can be an important tool in reducing asthma admissions in young children, and that smoke-free public space legislation may improve child health for many years, particularly among the most deprived communities.

A machine-learning algorithm for neonatal seizure recognition: The accurate diagnosis of neonatal seizures is clinically challenging but can be improved by algorithms for decision support. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of an automated seizure detection algorithm called Algorithm for Neonatal Seizure Recognition (ANSeR) through a multicentre, randomised, two-arm, parallel, controlled trial carried out across Ireland, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the UK. The study showed that while ANSeR is safe and able to accurately detect neonatal seizures, it did not enhance identification of individual neonates with seizures beyond conventional methods. Recognition of seizure hours was improved with use of ANSeR.

Join in

Public health ethics, law and human rights for the future of humanity: This is first of a series of online webinars that looks at the ethical, legal and human rights dimensions of public health in the context of the 2020 World Congress on Public Health. Keynote speakers include Professor Larry Gostin and Professor Sir Michael Marmot. This event on the 23rd September at 14:00 BST and is free of charge, but you must register in advance.

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