Guidance

Health Equity Assessment Tool (HEAT): This collection of resources and e-learning support is aimed to support the use of the Health Equity assessment tool (HEAT) intended for use by professionals in the health care and public health landscape. HEAT aims to systematically address health inequalities and equities related to either a program of work or service and follows to identify actions that can be taken to reduce these inequalities. Depending on the requirement of the users, HEAT can either be used for a rapid assessment using the simplified version or using the full version to carry out a more in-depth comprehensive assessment.

Data and tools

Outcomes of children in need: This statistical release provides national level information on educational outcomes and characteristics of children in need, including looked after children. Data includes rates of special educational needs (SEN), free school meals (FSM), types of schools attended, absences, and attainment in early years, key stage 1, 2 and 4. Among the key findings, 29% all children in need were persistently absent compared to 11% among all pupils. One in ten of all pupils in 2019 have been in need in the previous 6 years and compared to all pupils, these children are less likely do well at each stage of education, more likely to have SEN or FSM, and more likely to be persistently absent.

Reports

2020 annual report on education spending in England: schools: This annual report published by the Institute of Fiscal Studies reports on the government’s spending on education. In 2019-20, total spending in schools was £51 billion (in 2020–21 prices), accounting for 17% of total public service spending in England. Following large increases in the 2000’s, school spending per pupil in England fell by 9% in real terms between 2009 and 2010 and 2019-20, the largest cut in the 40 years. In contrast, spending per pupil in Scotland rose by 5% in real terms, reflecting extra funding to pay for increases in teacher pay. The government’s plan to increase school spending by £7.1 billion in cash terms by 2022–23 will mostly reverse these cuts reported on however, spending per pupil will remain lower in real terms in 2022–23.

Research

A national consensus management pathway for paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with COVID-19 (PIMS-TS): Using a three-phase online Delphi process and virtual consensus meeting, a national consensus management pathway was derived from 104 consensus statements for the UK using a multidisciplinary team to provide guidance for clinicians caring for children with PIMS-TS. The management plan includes the initial investigation of children with suspected PIMS-TS, including blood markers to help determine the severity of disease, an echocardiogram, and a viral and septic screen to exclude other infectious causes of illness, along with the recommended treatment options, including supportive care, intravenous immunoglobulin, methylprednisolone, and biological therapies. Future evidence will inform updates to this guidance.

A cross-sectional study using the Childhood Measurement Programme for Wales to examine population-level risk factors associated with childhood obesity: After accounting for deprivation, this study aimed to examine the association between childhood obesity and modifiable population-level risk factors including healthy childcare settings, the local food environment, accessible open spaces and community safety and crime. Using data from the Wales Childhood Measurement Programme, multivariable logistic regression was used to identify associations with childhood obesity in children aged 4 – 5 years. Study findings suggested that even after accounting for deprivation, access to open spaces and density of fast food outlets were associated with childhood obesity, and therefore should be considered in public health interventions.

Cron Job Starts