Data and tools

Young people’s well-being in the UK: 2020: Published by the Office of National Statistics, this statistical bulletin reflects the latest well-being of young people (16-24 years) in the UK before the COVID-19 pandemic using a 28-indicator framework, covering personal well-being, relationships, finance, education and skills. The accompanying report showed that many measures of personal wellbeing of young women (20-24 years) have declined from 5 years previously i.e. a decrease in the proportion of young women reporting very high life satisfaction, happiness, and low anxiety. There is also evidence of increasing anxiety and depression among young women (16-24 years) with findings showing a 5% increase since the previous year. The data for each of the 28 indicators are available to download here.

Reports

LOST LEARNING, LOST EARNINGS: Published by The Sutton Trust, this report looks at the potential long-term impacts of school closures and the possible effects on earnings later in life and prospects for social mobility. The research shows that lost learning is likely to lead to lost income over a 20-year period, disproportionately affecting those from low income backgrounds. Lost learnings will also have significant consequences for social mobility. The report showed that the net economic loss for just one-year group in England would be at least £1.585 billion. The trust recommends the protection of the pupil premium (in at least real terms) with additional funding directed to more vulnerable populations. There also needs to be an investment of resources to ensure that the digital divide does not continue to deepen.

Research

Effectiveness of a Home- and School-Based Asthma Educational Program for Head Start Children With Asthma: Asthma is a common chronic childhood disease and is therefore important to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions in community settings that can serve at-risk families. The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multilevel home- and school (Head Start)–based asthma educational program in improving asthma outcomes in children using a randomized clinical trial with 398 children in Baltimore, Maryland. The study showed that during a 12-month period, the multilevel home-and school intervention improved asthma control, reduced courses of oral corticosteroids, and reduced hospitalisations. This is an important finding in reducing the disparities in asthma outcomes.

Routine childhood immunisation during the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa: a benefit–risk analysis of health benefits versus excess risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection: With the ongoing pandemic, national immunisation programs are at a risk of suspension as a result of the restrictions in place. The study aims to compare the health benefits of sustaining routine childhood immunisation in Africa with the risk of acquiring SARS-CoV-2 infection through visiting routine vaccination service delivery points using a high- and low-impact scenario. In the high impact scenario, the benefit–risk ratio for the vaccinated children is 85000. For every 1 excess COVID-19 death attributable to SARS-CoV-2 infections acquired during routine vaccination clinic visits, 84 deaths in children could be prevented by sustaining routine childhood immunisation in Africa. In the low impact scenario, the benefit-risk ratio is 3000. Thus, the study shows that deaths prevented by sustaining routine immunisation for children outweigh the excess risk of COVID-19 deaths attributed to vaccination clinic visits.

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