Children’s public health 0 to 5 years: national reporting: Since 2015, local authorities had been transferred the responsibility for commissioning universal health visitor reviews for children. While the longer- term strategy to collect data and report on performance metrics is through the community services dataset (CSDS), currently, it has been agreed that Public Health England (PHE) interim reporting arrangements will continue for 2019/20 data. This interim reporting allows to gain a clear picture of the delivery of universal health visiting services in an area, and be used to make improvements in commissioning, aid future local planning of service provision and enable benchmarking across populations to detect trends in 0 to 5 year olds’ public health. This guidance document provides in detail what analysts and commissioner of local authorities need to do in order to submit this health visiting data.
Data and tools
Children living in long-term workless households in the UK: This dataset gives the 2019 annual UK estimates of the number of children living in households where all adults have not worked for at least 12 months. The main findings demonstrated that 1 million children lived in long-term workless households, where South East region had the lowest percentage and North East region had the highest percentage. These datasets are provided by a range of characteristics, such as combined economic status of adults in the household, and age of child for the latest available data, covering January to December 2019, and as a time series from 2006 to 2019.
Mental Health of Children and Young People in England, 2020: Wave 1 follow up to the 2017 survey: This is the first follow up report to the to the Mental Health and Young People Survey (MHCYP) 2017, exploring the mental health of children and young people in July 2020, during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and changes since 2017. The sample was based on 3,570 children and looked at comparing mental health between 2017 and 2020 and to describe life during the COVID-19 pandemic. One important finding showed that the proportion of children experiencing a probable mental disorder has increased over the past three years, from one in nine in 2017 to one in six in July this year. The accompanying datasets can be found here.
Gender inequalities in health and wellbeing across the first two decades of life: an analysis of 40 low-income and middle-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region: While the gender inequalities in health and wellbeing in adulthood are apparent, the emergence of these gender inequalities during childhood and adolescence are not as clear. This study analyses 40 low- and middle-income countries in the Asia-Pacific region using a measurement framework. While son preference and excess girl mortality is evident in some settings, it is in adolescence that marked gender inequalities consistently emerged. Adolescent girls face high rates of child marriage, fertility, and intimate partner violence in various countries. Females (15-24 years) were less likely than males to be in education, employment, or training in 17 of 19 countries for which data were available. Compared with girls, adolescent boys experienced excess all-cause mortality and substantially higher mortality due to unintentional injury, interpersonal violence, alcohol and other drugs, and suicide, and higher prevalence of harmful drinking and tobacco smoking. Thus, it is important that policy and programming focus on later childhood before these inequalities are embedded.