Reports and Briefings
COVID-19: Impact on vaccination programmes: This is a series of reports published by Public Health England that assess the impact of COVID-19 related physical distancing measures on the delivery of childhood vaccination programs in England. The sixth (i.e. latest) report shows that the overall vaccination counts for Hexavalent and MMR vaccine remain lower, by 3.9% and 2.6%, by week 45 in 2020, than the overall vaccination counts by week 45 in 2019.
National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP): childhood obesity: The report investigates the common approaches and/or interventions that local authorities (who have seen significant downward trends in childhood obesity) have taken that may have contributed to these reductions. Findings from the thematic analysis suggested that the most common approaches included 1) linkage across child and family weight management, the NCMP and schools; strong integration of the NCMP with elements of obesity prevention; 2) a focus on schools using in some instances 'whole school' approaches and 3) a strong focus on early years nutrition and exercise. Whiles these approaches do not refer to causality, they can serve as the basis for future research.
Public health for paediatricians: Fifteen-minute consultation on addressing child poverty in clinical practice: Child poverty in the UK remains a significant challenge and unfortunately has been on the rise since 2010. The effects of child poverty on child health outcomes are pervasive and often life-long. This paper, co-authored by Guddi Singh of BACAPH aims to provide frontline practitioners a straightforward, evidence-based framework and practical solutions for tackling child poverty, across three levels: (1) the clinical consultation; (2) the clinical service for the population of children and young people we serve and (3) with a broader policy and social view.
Time trends and sociodemographic inequalities in the prevalence of adolescent motherhood in 74 low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs): Understanding the prevalence of adolescent motherhood is important in supporting the UN Sustainable Development Goals. This population-based study used data from 747137 young women from 74 LMICs using Demographic and Health Surveys done between 1990 and 2018 to examine time trends and sociodemographic inequalities on the prevalence of adolescent motherhood. The highest prevalence of adolescent motherhood was observed in countries within sub-Saharan Africa (e.g. Mali 36%). Looking at the average annual rate, India observed a steady decline in the prevalence of adolescent motherhood. However, those countries with high burdens, showed little change in prevalence over time, and 16 countries showed an increase in prevalence over time. Most countries observed sociodemographic inequalities with respect to adolescent motherhood. These findings are particularly important to target interventions based on these inequalities to reduce adolescent motherhood across LMICs.
Global experience of children with SARS-CoV-2: The University of Florida, ISSOP, ISPCAN will be holding an exciting webinar featuring social paediatricians (Raúl Mercer, Angela Okolo, Dodi D. Meyer, Barbara Rubio, Rajeev Seth) from around the globe to discuss the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children. The webinar will focus on the differential impact of COVID-19 in a diverse range of countries, inequities in child health and projections on the future for children post COVID-19. This webinar will take place on the 9th of December at 1PM GMT (8:00AM EST), and you can register here.