Improving services for children affected by domestic abuse: Domestic abuse is common in the UK, with one in five children having experienced it during their childhood. During the COVID-19 pandemic, this has been exacerbated. The report by the Early Intervention Foundation identifies a dearth of evidence of what works to support children who have experienced or are at risk of experiencing domestic abuse. The report calls on the government to establish a long-term, cross-departmental fund dedicated to improving the knowledge of what works to support child and adult victims of domestic abuse.
Awareness, action and advocacy – the NHS’s role in tackling poverty: The NHS, the largest economic institution in the country can and should maximise its contribution to mitigating, preventing and reducing poverty. The King’s Fund’s report identifies three key roles for the NHS: raising awareness among staff, developing concerted action to meet the needs of those experiencing poverty and using its voice to advocate for tackling poverty. The authors state that across each of these roles, the NHS needs to work more collaboratively and creatively with its partners and local communities in order to achieve this.
Infant mortality associated with prenatal opioid exposure: Knowledge of mortality among opioid-exposed infants is limited, especially for those who have not been diagnosed with neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS). This study used a retrospective cohort study design and included maternal-infant dyads from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014 only if the infant was born in Texas at 22 to 43 weeks’ gestational age, the woman was aged 15 to 44 years and was insured by Texas Medicaid. Results showed that the odds of mortality in infants with a history of neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome was not significantly different from the reference population in adjusted analyses. However, the odds of mortality in opioid-exposed infants not diagnosed with neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome was 72% greater than the reference population. This study emphasises the need of policies and programs to support women with opioid use disorder, regardless of perceived severity of neonatal opioid withdrawal.
ISSOP climate change webinar: This is the fourth of ISSOP’s climate change webinar and will take place on May 27th at 17:00 GMT (18:00 BST). This webinar will focus on responding to the health and mental health effects of climate change.