Data and tools

Child and maternal health statistics: Published by PHE, this collection of statistics used to improve decision making for planning services for pregnant women, children, young people and families has been updated for 2021. The update includes indicators related to under 18 conceptions, pregnancy and birth, and admissions for children with long-term conditions, emergency admissions and A&E attendance.

Reports and evidence briefings

Adolescent mental health evidence brief 2: In this 2 part briefing by the Early Intervention Foundation (EIF) looking at adolescents and mental health, the first brief showed us that anxiety and depressive disorders are the most common mental disorders among adolescents in England. The second newly released brief goes onto explore the long-term associations between adolescent emotional and behavioural problems during adolescence and adulthood. The brief shows that adolescents who experience persistent emotional problems and or who exhibit behavioural problems are at greater risk of negative outcomes (poorer employment, depression etc) in adulthood. It highlights the importance of investment in prevention and early intervention support.

Can variation help to explain the rise in emergency admissions for children aged under five up to 2018/19?: The briefing, published by Nuffield Trust uses hospital data over the 10-year period till 2018/19 to look and explore the reasons behind the increase in emergency admissions for young children, aged under five. It also sets recommendations for policymakers, researchers, data providers and data users in light of this analysis and considers the implications in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Some of the key findings highlighted in the report suggest that the growth in short-stay emergency admission rates was largest for infants (1-6 days) associated to preventable conditions such as neonatal jaundice. These rates were also highest in the deprived areas, with a persistent gap between children from the most deprived areas and those from the least deprived areas.

Research

Adolescents’ Substance Use and Physical Activity Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The authors aimed to investigate how adolescent’s substance use and physical activity behaviours changed under the lockdown because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The study used an ongoing prospective cohort design of ninth- and tenth grade students enrolled at 8 public high schools in Northern California from March 2019 to February 2020 and followed up from September 2019 to September 2020. Findings showed there was a reduction in e-cigarettes use. However, the reported use of other tobacco, cannabis, and alcohol did not differ meaningfully.

Clinical and social factors associated with involuntary psychiatric hospitalisation in children and adolescents: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and narrative synthesis: This systematic review looked at the social and clinical factors associated with involuntary psychiatric hospitalisation among children and adolescents. 23 studies were included, of which 19 (n=31212) were included in the meta-analysis. Involuntary rather than voluntary hospitalisation of minors was associated with a diagnosis of psychosis, substance misuse or intellectual disability. Involuntary hospitalisation was also associated with being aged 12 years or older and being from a black ethnic group. Because of the over-representation of involuntary psychiatric hospitalisation in certain groups that may begin in childhood can potentially establish a cycle of inequality that continues into adulthood, which should be looked into further.

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