Reports and evidence briefings

Start Well, Stockport: early childhood services case example: This case example is part of EIF’s work to understand different approaches local areas are taking to providing maternity and early years services through community venues such as family centres and hubs. The start well model was implemented with the aim of removing duplication, improve access to services and give flexibility in response to demand, targeting resources according need in Stockport, Manchester. This does not endorse any actions, but to illustrate what others are doing in this field.

Review of sexual abuse in schools and colleges: The Ofsted conducted a rapid review of sexual abuse in schools and colleges. The review included visits to 32 schools and colleges and included voices of over 900 children, and other key stakeholders. The findings show that sexual harassment and online sexual abuse was very prevalent and has become commonplace. For example, nearly 90% of girls, and nearly 50% of boys, said being sent explicit pictures or videos of things they did not want to see happens a lot or sometimes to them or their peers. Ofsted report on a number of recommendations for school and college leaders to be able to create a culture where sexual harassment and online sexual abuse are not tolerated, and where they identify issues and intervene early to better protect children and young people.

Research

Childcare Attendance and Academic Achievement at Age 16 Years: The authors aimed to explore whether childcare attendance was associated with academic achievement at the end of compulsory schooling (age 16 years in the UK), whether maternal education level was a moderator, and the benefit-cost ratio of childcare regarding productivity returns of academic achievement. They used a cohort study including 8936 children. Findings showed that attending childcare was associated with higher probabilities of obtaining a Level 1 or 2 GCSE qualification however, this association was moderated by the child’s maternal education level. When children of mothers with low education attended childcare, their probability of no GCSE qualification went from 28.9% to 20.3%. The benefit-cost ratio for each £1 (US $1.40) invested in full-time childcare attendance for children of mothers with low education was £1.71 (US $2.39) for those who achieved a Level 2 General Certificate of Secondary Education qualification.These results suggest that subsidizing childcare attendance for children of mothers with low education would yield economic benefits in the long run.

Risk factors for asthma attacks and poor control in children: a prospective observational study in UK primary care: This study aimed to identify the risk factors for asthma attacks and poor control in children using a prospective observational study in UK primary care. The study included a cohort of 460 children with asthma or suspected asthma from 10 UK general practices. Study findings showed that poor symptom control at baseline predicted poor symptom control at 6 months. Being less deprived was negatively associated with poor symptom control at 6 months. Additionally, higher FeNO levels, and recent history of asthma attacks predicted asthma attacks during follow up. Routine assessment of these factors should form part of the asthma review to identify children at an increased risk of adverse asthma-related events.

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