Reports and evidence briefings

By your side evaluation: This report evaluates By Your Side, a service provided by the Children’s Society that delivers holistic support for separated asylum seekers, refugee and migrant young people aged 14 to 21 across London. The evaluation uses both qualitative and quantitative data to understand the impact the service has had on the young people, local communities and systems. The evaluation shows that the service has had a significant positive impact on local communities and systems through a range of mechanisms, including adding capacity in the sector, upskilling professionals and changing practice, and making systemic change through feeding into the work of central teams. The report also highlights the critical success factors and well as the number of challenges including the COVID-19 pandemic.

Report on the Northern Ireland Executive’s Child Poverty Strategy: This is an annual report of the progress of NI’s executive child poverty strategy published in 2016. The Strategy’s aims are to reduce the number of children in poverty and reduce the impact of poverty on children. The Strategy focuses on four high level outcomes: Families experience economic well-being, Children in poverty learn and achieve, Children in poverty are healthy and Children in poverty live in safe, secure and stable environments. The report describes the actions / initiatives taken across the four outcomes.

Research

Association Between Childhood Consumption of Ultraprocessed Food and Adiposity Trajectories in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children Birth Cohort: The authors aimed to investigate the association of the consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) in childhood with worse adiposity trajectories tracing into early adulthood using a longitudinal study. The study included children who participated in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) in Avon County, southwest England. In this cohort study of 9025 British children, growth trajectories of body mass index, fat mass index, weight, and waist circumference from 7 to 24 years of age were greater among children with the highest (vs lowest) quintile of UPF consumption. These findings suggest that radical and effective public health actions that reduce children’s exposure to and consumption of UPF and remove barriers to accessing minimally processed foods are urgently needed to counteract the growing burden of obesity in England and globally.

Parental education and inequalities in child mortality: a global systematic review and meta-analysis: The authors aimed to investigate whether, and to what extent, parental education is a risk factor at the global level for all-cause mortality among neonates, infants, and children younger than 5 years by conducting a global systematic review and meta-analysis combined with primary analyses of Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data. Of 5339 unique records, 186 were included. Combined data showed that an increased maternal and paternal education showed a dose–response relationship linked to reduced under-5 mortality, with maternal education emerging as a stronger predictor. This study provides robust evidence for universal quality education as a mechanism to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target 3.2 of reducing neonatal and child mortality.

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