Reports and evidence briefings

Missing the mark: This report by the Children’s Society aims to improve the understanding and response to young people who experience teenage relationship abuse, as this is often overlooked. The Crime Survey for England and Wales found that those aged between 16 and 24 years old were most at risk of domestic abuse of any age group, with over 12.6% of girls and 6.6% of boys having experienced domestic abuse in the past year. The report highlights that the different measures in place to respond to teenage relationship abuse are not sufficient and in some instances the government are completely missing the mark when it comes to supporting young people who experience teenage relationship abuse.

Research

Rates and time trends in the consumption of breastmilk, formula, and animal milk by children younger than 2 years from 2000 to 2019: analysis of 113 countries: The authors aimed to assess time trends in the consumption of different types of milk (breastmilk, formula, and animal milk) by children younger than 2 years from 2000 to 2019 at a global level as previous literature has been limited to low and middle income settings. The authors conducted a time-series analysis combining cross-sectional data from 487 nationally representative surveys to estimate seven infant and young child feeding indicators in up to 113 countries. Findings showed some increases in exclusive and any breastfeeding at age 6 months in various regions and income groups, while formula consumption increased in upper-middle-income countries. To achieve the global target of 70% exclusive breastfeeding by 2030, the rates of improvement must be accelerated.

Adolescents’ Substance Use and Physical Activity Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic: To compare adolescent’s substance use and physical activity behaviours before and after stay-at-home restrictions, the authors used an ongoing prospective cohort study of tobacco use behaviours among ninth- and tenth-grade students enrolled at eight public high schools in Northern California from March 2019 to February 2020 and followed up from September 2019 to September 2020. Findings showed that in this cohort, a reduction in e-cigarette use occurred independently of COVID-19 stay-at-home restrictions, but persistent cannabis and alcohol use suggest continued need for youth substance use prevention and cessation support. Importantly, physical activity declined considerably which poses a significant health concern.

Listen in

Mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: Listen to Public Health England’s recently launched conversational podcast 'Health Talks' which will focus on work of the organisation and discussing complex issues within the fields of healthcare, health improvement and health protection. The first episode looks at the COVID-19 pandemic and the effect on people’s mental health, with an array of expert guests including Professor Kevin Fenton, the London Regional Director.

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