Reports and evidence briefings

Adolescent mental health: A systematic review on the effectiveness of school-based interventions: According to international data, the peak age of onset for any mental disorders is 14.5 years, with prevalence data in England showing that approximately one in seven young people aged 11–19 experience at least one mental disorder. With increasing concern about the mental health and wellbeing of young people, emphasis has been placed upon promotion, prevention and early intervention. Thus, the Early Intervention Foundation aimed to examine the latest evidence on the effectiveness of school-based interventions designed to address young people’s emotional and behavioural needs. Among a few key findings, the report suggested that there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of school-based interventions designed to prevent suicide and self-harm.

Research

Association of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnoses With Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: The authors aimed to investigate the associations between traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and an increased risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by conducting a meta-analysis of studies assessing ADHD diagnoses in children between ages 4 and 18 years following concussions and mild, moderate, or severe TBI. This meta-analysis of 24 studies including 12374 children with TBI found that severe TBI appear to be associated with an increased risk for ADHD compared with non-injured and other injured controls and no associations were found between ADHD and concussions and mild or moderate TBI. These important findings emphasise the need for clinicians to carefully review psychosocial and medical issues that antedate a TBI which may need to be addressed in order to adequately treat ADHD symptoms.

Factors associated with childhood sexual abuse and adolescent pregnancy: The authors aimed to identify risk or protective factors to help understand the high rate of adolescent pregnancy in people with child sexual abuse (CSA) histories by conducting an integrative review. Of the five included studies, findings suggested that people who are abused in childhood through adolescence and are not believed when they report abuse may be at greater risk for pregnancy in adolescence. Results also showed that CSA was associated with a range of sexual risk-taking behaviour which could lead to adolescent pregnancy. While only individual level behaviours were predominantly studies, identifying additional risk or protective factors at the relationship, community, and societal level may prove helpful in developing strategies tailored to this population.

Listen in

Why domestic abuse is a child protection issue: In the most recent episode, the NSPCC’s chartered library and information professional Nikki Vasco discusses the complexities of domestic abuse and why it is a safeguarding and child protection issue. This episode will give an insight into the dynamics of domestic abuse, help understand the effects on children and young people and how one can improve practice around domestic abuse and reduce risks to children.

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